The fourth Population and Housing Census in Rwanda, was conducted in August 2012. The Census operation was coordinated by the National Census Commission. Various census technical and administrative structures were put in place to ensure a successful census operation. The entire census activities were organised into three phases. In phase I, preparatory activities started with cartography and mapping, development of census tools, instruments and methodology. The Pilot Census marked the completion of this phase. In Phase II, census enumeration was implemented followed by a Post Enumeration Survey. Phase III was concerned with data processing, validation, tabulation and the release of the final census results.
The objective of the present analysis was to analyse the level, trends and pattern of: (i) mortality among the general population; (ii) early childhood mortality; (iii) adult mortality; and (iv) mortality among the elderly. The main findings is that mortality remains generally high in Rwanda but has decreased substantially over time, especially among children aged 0.
The analysis of marital status and nuptiality is important in helping us to understand the dynamics of a society and how it changes over time. Marriage is an important factor in regard to fertility, especially in Rwanda where thelarge majority of children are born in wedlock.
The results of the Fourth Rwanda Population and Housing Census (RPHC4) show that nearly half of the population aged 12 and above is married. However, between 1978 and 2012 the percentage of married people has decreased.