This report focuses on two interlinked topics. On the one hand, it looks at households’ characteristics and, on the other hand, at the characteristics of the households they live in. The report is organised into 10 main chapters, the first two of which provide the reader with an overview of the Census process and the context leading up to the analysis of the Census data and the production of the report. Chapters 3 through 6 review the characteristics of Rwandan households and chapters 7 through 10 review the characteristics of households.