In February 2020(Q1), the working age population (16 years and above) was around 7.4 million and the population in the labour force constituted the majority of working age population. The proportion of population who were in the labour force increased from 52.5 percent in February 2019 to 55.6 percent in February 2020. The proportion of the working age population outside the labour force slightly decreased in the first quarter of 2020 as compared to different quarters of the LFS in 2019.
The Rwanda Labour Force survey programme begun in 2016 with an annual sample spread into two rounds to provide bi-annual estimates of main indicators at the National level. From February 2019, the annual sample was spread into four rounds to provide estimates of main labour market indicators on quarterly basis at the National level.
During the elaboration of The National Strategy for Transformation (NST1), job creation was included as one of the key components of the economic pillar. NST1 stipulates creation of 1.500.000 jobs by 2024. The strategy also emphasizes inclusive growth, creation of productive and descent work for all (Off Farm). The government of Rwanda through the Ministry of Finance and economic planning identified high priority sectors with potential for employment creation.
The Rwanda unemployment rate has been varying between 14.5 and 15.4 percent in last four quarters of 2019 and has continue to decline in the 1st Quarter 2020 up to 13.1% a figure that has not yet achieved in last four years. As a result, the number of population out of labour force has increased as compared to the previous quarter and the number of working age population in subsistence agriculture has increased.